Female Infertility And Its Possible Treatments
Female infertility affects around 48 million people in the world and its highest prevalence in south Asia, Europe and Central Asia. Infertility affects women from around the world, and the cultural and social stigma surrounding it varies. The most common causes of infertility in women are damage to fallopian tubes, hormonal imbalances, endometriosis, PCOS or unexplained infertility. There are numerous treatments to improve their chances of having a baby. Treatment can be addressed in several ways such as fertility drugs, surgery or through assisted reproduction. Before that, women should exactly know the basics about infertility, its causes and the possible treatments.
To recap, infertility is described when a couple fails to conceive after 12 months of frequent unprotected sex. About a third of fertility problems are female-related, another third are male-related, and the remaining cases are due to a combination of factors from both partners. However, today, we will only discuss the female-related fertility issues.
The first and foremost thing is that a woman should first address any underlying medical condition that may contribute to fertility problems. In women, infertility is due to problems with ovulation in about one in three cases. For a successful pregnancy to occur, a woman has to ovulate, which means she has to release a mature egg from her ovaries which then passes through the uterus and into the fallopian tube. The egg then travels down the fallopian tube and meets up with the sperm thus occurs a successful fertilization. Any trouble in this delicate process will cause infertility.
At birth, women have 1-2 million eggs, and as the reproductive years progress the number and quality of the eggs diminish. By a woman’s mid 30s, the chances of having a baby decreases as about 10% of eggs will have reduced fertility. This reduction in fertility drastically gets down after a woman reaches 40 years of age.
Different approaches of Fertility Treatment
That several approaches that are used to treat infertility given as:
- To identify the factors responsible for the issues in woman’s reproductive system such as ovulation disorders, PCOS etc.
- To take fertility drugs such as clomiphene and Gonadotrophins
- To undergo through assisted reproductive techniques or third party reproduction such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or surrogacy.
Possible Treatment for Infertility
Since infertility is a complex disorder and the treatment involves physical, financial and psychological commitments.
Though some women need just a few therapies, or means of medication or surgery to restore fertility, it’s also possible for women to conceive with sophisticated techniques of assisted reproduction such as IVF. Dealing with female infertility can also be emotionally exhausting but you should also be ready to consider other options such as surrogacy. This will certainly reduce depression or anxiety during treatments if conception doesn’t occur with the traditional approach.
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