Female Infertility Guide

International Fertility Centre diagnoses the real issue for the infertility in women and suggests the standard and faithful female infertility treatment. If a woman has stopped having periods, it usually indicates a defect in the system and warrants investigation. Listed below are the most common causes of infertility in women:


Anovulation is the medical term used when a woman does not ovulate. Ovulation is the release of mature eggs from a woman’s ovary and is a critical part of the reproductive process.


The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium and it is shed monthly if pregnancy does not occur. The endometrial tissue passes through the uterus and outside the body in the form of menstrual bleeding. Endometriosis results when menstrual bleeding flows backwards through the fallopian tubes and grows outside the uterus. Distortion of the anatomy due to endometriosis can block the fallopian tubes and prevent the sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg.

Fibroid Tumour

These non-cancerous masses are found in the uterus or cervix. Uterine fibroids are found in one out of every four or five women in their 30s and 40s. They can cause tubal blockages, prevent the embryo from attaching to the uterine wall and cause miscarriage. The impact the fibroids have on fertility depends upon their size and location.


Hyperprolactinemia is the excessive production of the hormone prolactin (the hormone responsible for milk production). An excess of prolactin can suppress ovulation and can be symptomatic of hypothyroidism (when the body lacks thyroid hormone) or luteal phase defects.

Immunological Infertility

Immunological infertility occurs most often in men. The male immune system can react to its own sperm as if they were invading cells and can be caused by an infection, cancer or a vasectomy. The immune system attacks the sperm and significantly impedes sperm motility.

Luteal Phase Defect (LPD)

The luteal phase is the time between ovulation and the start of the next menstrual cycle. If a woman has a luteal phase defect, her body does not have enough time between ovulation (when mature eggs are released) and menstruation to build up the lining of the uterus, because the woman does not produce a sufficient amount of progesterone to allow a fertilized egg to implant. This is a broad diagnosis that can mean many things.


Occlusion is the medical term used for any blockage in a woman or man’s system. In women, fallopian tube blockages (also called tubal blockages) are most common. In men, a blockage in the duct system (the epididymis or the vas deferens) may prevent sperm from reaching the ejaculate

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition in which the upper reproductive organs in a woman become infected. The disease can affect the lining of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries secrete abnormally high amounts of androgens (male hormones) that often cause problems with ovulation. . Women with PCOS have enlarged ovaries which contain multiple, small cysts. PCOS is also called Stein-Leventhal syndrome

Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)

Premature ovarian failure (POF) is also called early menopause. This term refers to a condition where the ovary stops ovulating earlier than is normal. The average age range for menopause is between 45 and 55. Women under 40 who permanently stop ovulating regularly are considered prematurely menopausal.

Uterine / Vaginal Birth Defects

These particular defects are also referred to as mullerian anomalies. A birth defect of the vagina and uterus can impair a woman’s ability to get pregnant, or to carry a pregnancy to term. Mullerian anomalies can range from a bicornuate uterus to the absence of a uterus and cervix.

Female Infertility FAQs

It is estimated that 1 out of 3 infertility problems originates in women. The number of women seeking female infertility treatment has only increased at an alarming pace. The situation is only getting worse by the sheer absence of education about female infertility. Below are the Top 10 Female Infertility FAQs:

Q: What factors contribute to infertility in women ?

A: There are numerous factors contributing to female fertility and seeking medical assistance at the earliest stage possible is highly recommended. The common causes behind increasing infertility in women are ovulation disorder, age, PCOS, diabetes, etc. These causes are explained in detail below.

Q: What is Ovulation Disorder, and how it impacts infertility ?

A: The failure to ovulate appropriately is one of the biggest causes of infertility in the country.In this condition, the ovaries are not able to release an egg.

Q: What is the role of age on fertility in women ?

A: The age is one of the biggest causes of female infertility, and certainly leaves a huge impact on a women’s reproductive health. After 30, the capability to have a child decreases by around 5 percent every year. Hence, in our modern urban set up, it is no surprise that a number of women past their best reproductive age are seeking professional help for infertility. In response, science has evolved to provide concrete answers to their queries.

Q:Is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) cause of female infertility ?

A: It can result in infertility in women. PCOS can trigger irregular ovulation. In some cases, it can even halt ovulation. If you are suffering from PCOS, it is better to consult a fertility specialist for the right advice.

Q: Is diabetes a cause of infertility in women ?

A: Yes, it can. As a matter of fact, many diseases are identified as possible causes behind infertility in women. Diseases like diabetes, epilepsy, and thyroid and bowel diseases are some relatively known culprits.

Q: What lifestyle problems can cause infertility in women ?

A: It is commonly believed that the new, ultra-modern lifestyle has acted as catalyst for pregnancy troubles in urban India. Stress, obesity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are some common culprits.

Q: What is unexplained infertility ?

A: In some cases, it is not possible to find out the actual case behind infertility. This is called unexplained infertility.

Q: What is Asherman’s Syndrome? Is it a cause of infertility in women ?

A: The Asherman Syndrome is known to cause infertility in women. It is usually characterized by fibrosis within the uterine cavity. There are many such medical conditions that cause infertility. Consult a specialist for further information.

Q: What are some signs of infertility in women ?

A: It is not possible to identify infertility by any particular sign or symptom. So, there are no specific signs of infertility in women. If you’re unable to conceive, consult a infertility specialist for guidance.

Q: How doctors at female infertility clinic Delhi can treat Infertility ?

A: Childless couples need to understand that infertility can be cured. In fact, at International Fertility Centre, we’ve always enjoyed a high success rate with our female infertility treatment. Infertility can be treated with appropriate medications, intrauterine insemination, In Vitro Fertilization, Surrogacy etc. It’s true that infertility can be emotionally taxing, but there is a way out of it. Consult our female infertility clinic Delhi for dealing with your infertility problems.

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