What Is The Difference Between Infertility And Impotence?

What Is The Difference Between Infertility And Impotence?

Many people are confused when it comes to the topic about infertility versus impotence. Even those men who are struggling with infertility or problems in maintaining an erection fail to distinguish differences between the two health conditions. In this post we will discuss the difference between infertility and impotence.

Infertility versus Impotence

Impotence refers to the ability to achieve and maintain an erection while as infertility is the inability to achieve a successful pregnancy. Being impotent doesn’t mean a person is infertile and infertility doesn’t mean a person is impotent. Though these terms are synonymously used but both mean different things.

In medical terminology, impotence is also called erectile dysfunction, wherein, a person has inability to provide sexual satisfaction to the female partner as he struggles to maintain erection. The problem is not just physical but involves a combination of emotional as well as physical factors or anything that throws the different organ systems out of balance thus can lead to impotence.

On the other hand, infertility means that a person has low sperm count, fewer sperm with normal motility/morphology. According to studies, around 15%-20% of all couples around the world are considered to be infertile. Out of these, it has been proved that about 50% of males are responsible for the infertility.

Major causes of Impotence include:

  • Blood vessel or heart disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Obesity
  • Psychological factors- depression, anxiety, or guilt
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Sleep disorders
  • Relationship problems due to stress, poor communication or other mental health conditions

Infertility is caused due to

  • Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation
  • Sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia
  • Use of certain drugs like steroids
  • Vasectomy
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Mumps or other infections
  • Genetic conditions
  • Changing lifestyle

Besides the above mentioned conditions, stress is responsible for both the conditions- infertility as well as impotence. This means if a problem is psychological, a patient can be treated by a psychiatrist. However, if the issue is related with your organs, now with the advancement of technology, treatments procedures are effective.

Treatment Options

To evaluate male infertility, it is important to do semen analysis as it can reveal the exact reasons behind your infertility. Furthermore, you can take help from assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization and ICSI procedures so as to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Treatment options are also available for impotence, doing exercises, creating a balanced life, quit smoking or take help from stress management strategies including counseling and medication.

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